Τετάρτη, 14 Φεβρουαρίου 2018

It was in 1994-95 and during the extension of the metro network by the Attiko Metro S.A. Company when the boarders of the “Kerameikos” cemetery –the ancient Athenian cemetery that was exposed by the excavation of the Archaeological Society at Athens in 1870- expanded due to the new finds.

The excavation unearthed a mass burial pit with skeletal material that belonged to about 150 people -both adults and children- who lived and died at the time of the Athenian Plague (430 – 426 B.C.).

The cause of the Plague of Athens had -until recently- been one of the greatest mysteries of the Medical History. It was decided that the pathogen exploration would be carried out on material from the internal (pulpal) tooth cavity of those considered as victims of the Plague by employing modern DNA laboratory techniques in order to determine the causative agent of the lethal disease. Intact teeth were used as material for the study and the bacterium Salmonella Enterica Serovar Typhi (Salmonella Typhoid) –which is responsible for the outbreak of the typhoid fever- was identified.               

One of the bones of the mass burial pit was the cranium of a girl of about 11 years old. The cranium retained an important characteristic of a child of this age i.e. part of the primary dentition (deciduous teeth) along with her permanent teeth. Her cranium was in excellent condition without any bone losses and, moreover, the lower jaw and all the teeth were intact.  The perfect condition in which the cranium of Myrtis was found, gave birth to the idea of the reconstruction of a child’s head from the time of Pericles. 

This is the reason why an exact replica of the cranium was created and subsequently used for the reconstruction of the face of Myrtis by using the “Manchester” method.

It is worth noting that the United Nations Regional Information Centre (UNRIC) has asked Myrtis to become “a friend of the UN Millennium Development Goals”. Thus, Myrtis became a valuable supporter of the United Nations by sending a message to the leaders of the world who attended the September 2010 UN Millennium Development Goals Summit.

Manolis  J  Papagrigorakis, Assist. Prof. University of Athens

The issue consists of one Feuillet of 70X90 mm, which includes one stamp of 35 X 45 mm. 

1,50 €

Free composition

25.000 numbered pieces


DESIGN - ADAPTATION          : Anthoula Lygka

PRINTING METHOD               : Multicolored (OFFSET)


CIRCULATION-SALES           : The Feulliet circulates on 15 February 2018, and will be available at the Hellenic post offices through 14 February 2019, unless previously sold out.

Also available:


They have a design related to the subject of the Series. Available at a charge of 2,50 € per set.

2. REGULAR SET ALBUMS (1.000 pieces)

Available at a charge of 6,90 €.

All philatelic products will be available at the Central Philatelic Office (5 Lykourgou str. & Apellou, 100 38 Athens), and at the Post Offices until sold out, except the F.D.C., the numbered sheets and the booklets, which will be withdrawn on 14 February 2019.

Collectors will be able to have items franked at the Central Philatelic Office with the special First Day commemorative postmark, providing they have affixed to the Feuillet or the Feuillet stamp.

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